Diabetes Is A Worldwide Public Health Problem

1497 Words Apr 20th, 2016 6 Pages
Diabetes is a worldwide public health problem that has being drastically increased in the last years. It is classified as the second most common disease affecting humanity (), regardless of socioeconomic status, religious and geographical location. Diabetes is projected to be the world’s main killer in next few years, mainly because of the complications that it causes in other organs and systems. For the last decades, several researches are being conducting in order to have a better understand of diabetes and how different nutrients can be affected by this disease. Among it, a micronutrient called thiamine has being receiving a lot attention from the researchers and scientist for its increase in deficiency in diabetes patients. Diabetes is caused by the lack of insulin or the inability of insulin to perform its functions, and as result it causes an increase in blood glucose. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. The type 1 diabetes is called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), which it is characteristic for an irreversible autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic islet beta cells, which is more present in the young population. In addition, the type 2 diabetes is called non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), which it is characteristic when the body cannot properly use the insulin it produces or does not produce enough insulin to control blood sugar rate, which is more present in adults and represent 90% of the population…
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