Diabetes Management Among the Sikh

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In the Sikh culture, there are many contributing factors that can cause a development of type 2 diabetes and for the most part, they may be unaware of the fact that they are putting their health at risk. Some of the several celebrations and festivities that take place throughout the Nanakshahi calendar and diabetic patients should be advised. Foods that are often served at these festivities include samosas and pakoras that are deep-fried and high in fat as well as sweets such as jalebis and ladhus, which are high in sugar content. Although alcohol consumption is not allowed during the festivals, it is consumed in high amounts especially by men (Goenka, Marwa, Randeva, Morrissey, Patel, 2002). Individuals with diabetes should consume these foods in moderation and focus in the intake of more fruits. Teaching the patient to consume each meal as well as small snack in between can prevent hypoglycemia for the patient using insulin. The elderly has a decreased appetite and may miss meals, which puts them at a higher risk for a decreased blood sugar level below the normal range. It is important to teach diabetic patients or those who are at risk to watch carbohydrate intake because that directly influences glucose levels. Non-animal sources of protein such as legumes and whole grains should be consumed. High fiber is recommended, specifically soluble fiber such as lentils, oats, grapefruits, broccoli, beans or brussel sprouts. Teach the patient that alcohol consumption can cause

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