Diabetes Mellitus : A Disease

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Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes is a disease that afflicts approximately 29.1 million American people and is ranked as the 7th leading cause of death in America (“Statistics About Diabetes”). Thus, understanding and studying this disease has the potential to help better many lives. A patient living with diabetes, or a parent of a child with diabetes all benefit from understanding and learning how to live with this disease, what risk factors to look for and how to adjust life style choices to help prevent complications. Doctors need to know what signs and symptoms to look for, and the best methods of treatment. While scientist and research strives to find novel methods of treatment and possible biological cures. Diabetes Mellitus is divided into type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is characterized by very low levels to no insulin. This is due to the body’s immune system attacking and destroying beta cells, insulin-producing cells, in the pancreas (“Diabetes Mellitus”). Thus the persons body is unable to produce insulin and without insulin circulating in the bloodstream, glucose is unable to enter cells and results in high levels of glucose in the blood. Type 2 diabetes, the most common form, is due to cells becoming resistant to insulin and the pancreas failing to produce enough insulin to compensate for the cells resistance (“Diabetes Mellitus”). Like Type 1 this results in a high level of glucose in the blood. Gestational
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