Diabetes Mellitus : A Major Public Health Problem Worldwide

1480 Words Jun 24th, 2015 6 Pages
Diabetes Mellitus has increased in recent years due to bad eating habits and inactivity. Diabetes Mellitus is a major public health problem worldwide. Improved testing accuracy has improved which has confirmed more cases. There are two types of diabetes. In this paper I will explain the differences in both types of Diabetes and complications that are commonly associated with this disease, as well as treatment and plan of care for this disease. (American Medical Association)
Type I Diabetes Mellitus formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is a metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from lack of insulin. Type I diabetes mellitus results when pancreatic beta cells are destroyed because the beta cells of the pancreas have been damaged or destroyed by an autoimmune process. Type I diabetes mellitus is an absolute deficiency of insulin. If insulin is not given, fats are metabolized for energy, causing ketonemia acidosis. Research shows that it may be genetic. (Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, p. 286)
Type II Diabetes Mellitus formerly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes can occur at any age. This affects 80% of overweight people. Type II diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease caused by impaired insulin production, inappropriate hepatic glucose production, or peripheral insulin receptor insensitivity. Although people with Type II diabetes produce insulin, their levels may be normal, low, or elevated, they…
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