Diabetes Mellitus : An Autoimmune Disease

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Diabetes or as doctors would refer by as diabetes mellitus, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has a high blood glucose level above 110 mg/dL because insulin production is inadequate, the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or even both. Diabetes mellitus is also a contributing factor of development of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, renal failure, blindness, and stroke as individuals’ age. There are 3 different types of diabetes mellitus, type 1diabetes mellitus also known as juvenile diabetes mellitus, usually occurs at a much younger and has no successful interventions to prevent this disease. It’s an autoimmune disease in which the persons’ body has ruined their own insulin producing beta cells in their pancreas; therefore they are unable to produce insulin. (Sommer & Johnson, 2015). Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a progressive condition where the cells become insulin resistant and decreased production of insulin by the beta cells. Majority of people with type 2 diabetes mellitus developed the condition because the individual is overweight due to lack of exercise, stress, and/or poor eating habits. Type 2 diabetes mellitus usually appears later on in life compared to type 1 diabetes, which makes type 2 the most common form of diabetes. The last type of diabetes is gestational diabetes which occurs during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes has no known cause, but according to American Diabetes Association (RT 2015), “We don’t know what
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