Diabetes Mellitus As A Disability

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The amount of patients being diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus has sky-rocketed these past few years. ‘”In 2010 the figures were 25.8 million and 8.3%”” and has increased in ‘”2012 to 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3%.”(American Diabetes Association, 2014); it is seen nationwide, and has now even begun to affect our youth. In South Texas Diabetes Mellitus seems to be the number one thriving disease affecting its general population. Diabetes Mellitus is now one of the most widely known diseases that has turned into an epidemic and in 2008 the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 acknowledged Diabetes Mellitus as a disability, and rightly so since it affects many, from children to the elderly, causing complications (such as amputations, failure of…show more content…
Two out of three people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke”’ (American Diabetes Association, 2014).Society needs to further educate themselves in order to fully understand this disease and how it can affect their daily lives, whether by short term complications like blurred vision, to long term complications like kidney failure, and how they can prevent or delay diabetes and its complications.
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic illness that requires the individual to manage, support, and educate themselves of their illness in order to prevent any further complications. It is disease that is caused by the impairment of insulin secretion and also caused by insulin resistance and insulin deficiency. Insulin is the hormone used to control and maintain homeostasis over the amount of glucose in our blood stream. If not much insulin is secreted it can lead to hyperglycemia, which is an abnormal increase of glucose in the body. Early symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus are related to hyperglycemia and include, but not limited to, polyuria (excessive urination), polydipsia (excessive thirst), weight loss, sometimes with polyphagia (excessive hunger), and blurred vision. This may also lead to pre-diabetes, which is when ‘“glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes”’ (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).
There are two main types of diabetes, Type 1 and type 2. Type 1 is where the
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