Diabetes Mellitus As A Group Of Metabolic Diseases Essay

1472 WordsApr 23, 20166 Pages
Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterised by hyperglycaemia (elevated blood sugar level) affecting the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, resulting from the inability of the body to secrete and/or use insulin (American Diabetes Association (ADA), 2005; World Health Organisation (WHO), 2016). Patients with type-1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) requires insulin for survival as the cell-mediated destruction of the β-cells of the pancreas eventually lead to a lack of insulin secretion (ADA, 2005; WHO, 2016) . Conversely, type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients have insulin resistance (ADA, 2005) wherein their bodies cannot use the little insulin that it produces (WHO, 2016). In New Zealand, regardless of ethnicity or socio-economic status, T1DM is the most common form of diabetes in children and adolescents, increasing at a rate of 3–5% annually (Jefferies, Owens, & Wiltshire, 2015). T1DM is of concern to the oral health professional because it has been linked to periodontal disease with the status of one influencing the other (Aldridge et al., 1995; Daniel, Gokulanathan, Shanmugasundaram, Lakshmigandhan, & Kavin, 2012). Additionally, diabetes is a known risk factor for increased caries incidence (Siudikiene, Machiulskiene, Nyvad, Tenovuo, & Nedzelskiene, 2008). This assignment will demonstrate the dental management of a patient with T1DM. Case History This is a case of a 15-year-old male—Ben—presenting at the Akoranga Integrated Health
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