Diabetes Mellitus ( Dm ) Essay

928 WordsDec 2, 20154 Pages
Diabetes Mellitus “Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic multisystem disease related to abnormal insulin production, impaired insulin utilization, or both” (Lazear, 2014, p. 1153). The two most common types of diabetes mellitus are known as type 1 and type 2. Type 1 has been previously referred to as “juvenile-onset diabetes” or “insulin-dependent diabetes” (Lazear, 2014). Even though type 1 can occur at any age, the primary age group is younger than 30 years old (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2010). Other problems associated with type 1 diabetes are the destruction of the pancreatic B cells, which are located within the pancreas islets of Langerhans, resulting in decreased insulin production, and causing increased blood sugar levels in the body (Smeltzer et al., 2010). Therefore, insulin is necessary to help transport glucose back into the cells to normalize blood sugar levels. The other form of diabetes, type 2, is known as “adult-onset diabetes (AODM)” or “non-independent diabetes (NIDDM)” (Lazear, 2014). Type 2 is different in the fact that the pancreas does produce insulin, also known as “endogenous” meaning self-made, but not enough is produced to fulfill the bodies need (Lazear, 2014). “The presence of endogenous insulin is a major distinction between type 1 and type 2 diabetes” (Lazear, 2014, p. 1156). Overall, there are three classic symptoms associated with type 1 and type 2. “Classic clinical manifestations of all types of diabetes include the “three

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