Diabetes Mellitus : The Leading Chronic Disease

1102 WordsApr 9, 20165 Pages
Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus is one of the leading chronic diseases that can cause high rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia due to a lack of insulin, insulin resistance, or both. The four main types of diabetes mellitus include type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes mellitus, and other specific types (Darby, 2015, 824). A high rate of periodontal disease has been reported with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus (Al-Maskari, et al. 2011). Other manifestations are associated with diabetes mellitus and can cause discomfort for patients with diabetes. It is important for the dental hygienist to observe early identifications of diabetes mellitus and prepare a treatment plan to increase the quality of the patient’s life. Diabetes mellitus affects approximately 25.8 million Americans including adults and children (Darby, 2015, 824). Although, diabetes affects a high population of Americans approximately 7 million Americans are unaware due to being asymptomatic (Darby, 2015, 824). Diabetes mellitus is considered one of the leading causes of death due to microvascular and macrovascular complications (Al-Maskari et al., 2011). There are four major classifications associated with diabetes mellitus that include type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes mellitus, and other specific types (Darby, 2015, 824). Type 1 diabetes mellitus is associated with a

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