Diabetes Mellitus : Type 1 Diabetes

1017 Words5 Pages
Alina Perez
HIMC 2630
Chris Bushaw
Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 Diabetes Research Paper

Diabetes Mellitus also known as—Juvenile Onset Diabetes, Type 1 Diabetes, and Insulin Dependent Diabetes. It is a chronic autoimmune disease described by high blood glucose levels due to insulin levels being inadequate to maintain normal glucose levels. This research paper will discuss the symptoms and signs, etiology, who it triggers, how it happen, and treatment for Type 1 Diabetes.
Symptoms and signs of Type 1 Diabetes are hyperglycemia, polydipsia, glycosuria, and diabetic ketoacidosis. Hyperglycemia may lead to malaise, headaches, and weakness. As well as diabetes is known to cause excessive thirst, also known as polydipsia. Glycosuria, sugar in the urea, causes frequent urination. To sum up, severe dehydration, abdominal pain, rapid breathing, a fruity odor on the breath, weight loss, drowsiness, and in more severe cases, coma are all caused by diabetic ketoacidosis. Causes are questionable when talking about Type 1 dabetes.
Still questioning true causes -- viral and environmental trigger in genetically susceptible people to cause an immune reaction, this is thought to be a cause of Type 1 diabetes, but the actual cause is still unknown. Still being researched, scientists have identified genes, or gene regions, associated with this disease; including HLA, Human Leukocyte Antigen. Type 1 diabetes starts by an environmental or viral factor that possibly modifies a gene.
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