Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Diabetes

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Diabetes mellitus type 2, also know as type 2 Diabetes or noninsulin dependent diabetes, is a disease that effects the body systemically. Type 2 diabetes is a disorder in which cells become resistant to insulin and can no longer bind it properly to reduce blood sugar. The result of this is elevated glucose levels in the circulating blood that leads to endothelial injury in all regions of the body. Primary damages occur in the kidneys, cardiovascular, and digestive systems. According to “Annual Number of New Cases of Diagnosed Diabetes Among Adults” (2015), the overall incidence of type 2 diabetes was approximately 1.4 million new cases. From previous years this number has decreased; however, it can be further lowered with proper education, change in the Western diet, and increase in physical activity. In 2012 approximately 27.7 million Americans were living with Type 2 diabetes. The cumulative cost of care for American diabetes patients was 245 billion dollars, which encompasses medical treatment cost and the patients’ inability to work, ultimately resulting in decreased personal production (“Statistics About Diabetes”, n.d.). As exemplified by the National Institutes for Health (2015), “Diabetes is a lifelong disease and there is no cure.” Even though no cure is present, lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise, play a role in self-regulation of blood glucose levels. Pathophysiology of the Disorder Pathology and Theories Regarding Development/Causes Type 2
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