Diabetes Prevention Program : A Systematic Review

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Diabetes Prevention Program: A Systematic Review Arka Chaudhary, Jeanette Lovato, Jacob Sup, Julie Smithwick, Rasiq Zackria Year 2 – Epidemiology Dr. Joy Lewis Due date: 12/1/2014 RDME(s): Dr. Chris Dixon, Dr. Ray Wagner Introduction Diabetes is a serious health condition that could potentially lead to heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and many other complications, if left uncontrolled. Almost all patients that develop diabetes type 2 have prediabetes, a condition where blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed with diabetes1. The prevalence of diabetes has increased from 25.8 million in 2010 to 29.1 million in 2012 while about 86 million Americans have prediabetes2. In the…show more content…
The lack of access to healthcare and resources to meet daily needs could also contribute largely to the developing of diabetes. The body is capable of self-regulation, self-healing, and health maintenance. Rational treatment is based upon an understanding of the basic principles of body unity, self-regulation, and the inter-relationship of structure and function. These are the main tenets of osteopathic medicine. To achieve these philosophies, osteopathic medicine focuses on the aspects of preventative medicine and lifestyle changes. Regardless of diabetic state (whether pre-diabetic or diabetic), the diabetes prevention program has shown to be effective at building a knowledge base for lifestyle modifications for participants4. This article summarizes available and relevant data addressing the management of diabetes highlighting the role of diabetes prevention-based programs. In addition, we review studies that have utilized programs that involved increased physical activity and diet modifications in the management of diabetes. We aimed to assess whether these changes improve the clinical signs of diabetes. We evaluated the methodology of the programs including appropriateness of study design, participant characteristics, and outcome measures. We present major results with independently assessed study limitations to evaluate the
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