Diabetes, The Fastest And Largest Growing Health Issue Essay

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Type 2 diabetes report: Samantha Johnstone
‘Does obesity contribute to a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes’

Diabetes is the fastest and largest growing health issue in New Zealand. Diabetes is a disease that has reached epidemic proportions internationally and within the New Zealand community. It is the leading cause of blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputations. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 (insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) and type 2 (adult-onset diabetes mellitus). An international study carried out by a team of researchers working with the World Health Organisation had found that New Zealand has one of the highest rates of diabetes. There is over 240,000 people in New Zealand who have been diagnosed with diabetes, most having type 2, and the amount on both types is rising. If someone who has diabetes cannot keep their glucose levels in an appropriate range, they can develop a number of long term health problems including damaged vessels leading to kidney failure, blindness, and damage of the nervous system. Type 2 diabetes is an issue in my community as it can be life threatening. It is a crucial issue for New Zealand, because it has such negative impact on New Zealand’s society, including creating issues with money in New Zealand. In 2008 there was a study about the health-care costs for New Zealanders with Type 2 Diabetes. It was around $540 million and it is predicted that these costs will increase to $1.78 billion by 2021. These
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