Diabetes: The Silent Killer

1254 Words Jun 20th, 2018 6 Pages
Diabetes: The Silent Killer Roughly 25 million Americans have diabetes; it is called the “Silent Killer” because almost half of those 25 million have no idea that they even have the disease; it can strike and kill without warning. I am interested in the disease because both my grandfather and my maternal great grandmother had diabetes. However, both of them had late onset diabetes, or Type II. Diabetes Mellitus is the cause of many serious health complications such as stroke, heart disease, renal failure, and blindness, among others. It can destroy the major organs in your body; untreated it can take your life. What is Diabetes Mellitus? The official definition is: a condition in which the pancreas no longer produces enough insulin, …show more content…
This is a medical emergency, and without treatment can lead to death. It happens predominantly in Type I Diabetes, but it can occur in Type II. DKA results from a shortage of insulin. This makes the body burn fatty acids and producing acidic ketone bodies, which cause most of the symptoms and complications. Diabetic coma also known as hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome is a serious complication that can happen when a person’s body is stressed or ill. It happens predominately in people with Type II Diabetes as opposed to Type I. This occurs when the blood sugar gets too high and the body becomes severely dehydrated. Both DKA and Diabetic Coma produce similar symptoms, but unlike ketoacidosis, no ketones are formed in diabetic coma, therefore acid build up in the blood is rare. Long term complications of diabetes happen slowly over time. The longer they are left untreated the greater one’s risk becomes. This can lead to disabling or life threatening complications that include: Cardiovascular disease, Neuropathy, Kidney disease, Retinopathy, Erectile dysfunction, and skin and wound issues. If you have diabetes, you are more likely to have heart disease or stroke. Diabetes dramatically increases your risk of cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease, chest pain, heart attack, and narrowing of the arteries. With Neuropathy,

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