Diabetes Type II : Symptoms, Risk Factors, And Treatments

3675 Words Dec 8th, 2014 15 Pages
Running Head: Diabetes Type II

Diabetes Type II: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatments

Introduction There are three types of diabetes: type 1diabetes and type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. All three are chronic conditions that "affect how the body uses blood glucose" or blood sugar. The body needs glucose because it is "an important source of energy for the cells that make up an individual 's muscles and tissues" Individuals with diabetes have too much glucose in their blood, which will inevitably lead to serious problems with a person 's health. Since every cell, tissue, and muscle needs glucose to function properly, it is important for a person who shows signs and symptoms of diabetes to see a doctor immediately. According to researchers, “Type 2 diabetes is associated with a range of factors that contribute to insulin resistance and subsequent elevation of blood glucose levels” ((Wellard, Rennie, & King, 2008). In the healthcare field, professionals refer to this “elevation of blood glucose levels” as hyperglycemia. It is important to note that patients who are diagnosed with Type II Diabetes are usually adults, and are “non-insulin-dependent” ((Wellard, Rennie, & King, 2008). To fully understand diabetes, it is necessary to understand the process of how food is utilized in the body for energy. Individuals get glucose from food. However, for the body to absorb glucose, it needs insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. Insulin is…
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