Diagnosing Learning Disabilities

662 WordsFeb 21, 20183 Pages
In the United States today, 38% of children in the fourth grade have been recognized as reading way below the level of their peers. Many of these children are identified with a learning disability and receive remedial instruction in the resource rooms. (Aaron, P. G., Joshi, R., Gooden, R., & Rentum, K. E.) The Diagnostic Criteria for learning disabilities (according to the DSM V) is a specific learning disorder which is diagnosed through an examination of the child’s developmental, educational, medical and responses of various interventions that have been tried. The diagnosis is a constant difficulty in reading, writing, and arithmetic during the years of schooling. Symptoms can include imprecise or slow reading, writing that lacks clarity and content, and difficulty remembering mathematical reason and number facts. The academic level must be significantly below average in all areas; and the child’s difficulties cannot be explained by any other disorders and it has to interfere greatly with academic achievement, performance and daily living. Dyslexia is classified as an impairment of reading and spelling which cannot be caused by low intelligence or a cognitive delay. Reading disorder is classified as an extreme reduced speed in reading. Children with reading disorders find it difficult to comprehend what they have read because of the speed that they are reading. They tend to confuse similar sounding words and similar letters. Therefore it is so important to receive a
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