Diagnosis And Classification Of Diabetes

1794 Words Oct 15th, 2015 8 Pages
Diabetes

Section 1:
Diabetes is the general term referring to various groups of metabolic diseases that are characterised by Polydipsia and Polyuria. When used alone, the term refers to Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Millitus specifically, is identified by hyperglycaemia, resulting from defects in insulin action, insulin secretion, or both ("Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus," n.d.).

Defective insulin action results from impairment of insulin secretion or reduced tissue responses to insulin along the hormonal pathway ("Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus," n.d.). Impairment of insulin action, affects glucose transportation into the cells and therefore the Mitochondria, the structure of the cell, cannot create enough Adenosine triphosphate for the body (Colbert, B., Ankney, J., & Lee, K., 2013). To procreate more fuel, the body breaks down fat tissue and releases fatty acids. These fatty acids are then metabolised into chemicals called ketones, which increase the blood’s acidity and can lead to a state of ketoacidosis, this becomes a medical emergency (Prevention of Diabetes, 2015).

Long-term complications of diabetes include amputations, nephropathy leading to renal failure; retinopathy with potential loss of vision; peripheral neuropathy with risk of foot ulcers, and autonomic neuropathy causing genitourinary, gastrointestinal, and cardiovascular symptoms and sexual dysfunction ("Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus," n.d.). These…
Open Document