Diagnosis And Management Of Depressive Disorder

1451 Words Oct 2nd, 2016 6 Pages
According to Arroll et al (2010), “80% of the population visits their family physicians each year, family physicians are in an excellent position to improve the diagnosis and management of depressive disorder. In the absence of systematic screening, family physicians miss at least 50% of cases of major depression (348).” This is evidence that a systematic screening is needed for screening of patients that have a family physician for major depression. There are several types of questionnaires used for screening of depression. One of the screening tools used to identify severities of depression is called the Patient Health Questionnaire 9 otherwise called the PHQ-9. According to Hinz et al (2016), “the PHQ-9 is a screening instrument with 9 items, developed to measure depression. For each item the patients are asked to assess how much they were bothered by the symptoms over the last two weeks. There are four answer options: not at all (0), several days (1), more than half of the days (2), and nearly every day (3). The sum score (0 to 27) indicates the degree of depression, with score of ≥5, ≥10, and ≥15 represents mild, moderate, and severe levels of depression (2-3).” This screening tool can be valuable within the primary care setting to identify those patients who may be suffering from depressive symptoms. Depression is defined by the National Institute of Mental Health (2016) as, “Depression (major depressive disorder or clinical depression) is a common but serious…
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