Diagnosis And Treatment Of Adhd

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Another developing concern in regard to the prevalence of ADHD is that there is a growing shifts in the onset span and in the population currently diagnosed with ADHD. A clinical practice guideline published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (2011) reported the expansion of the age range in regard to diagnosis and treatment of ADHD from 6 through 12 years of age to 4 through 18 years of age. More recent studies substantiated that a majority of ADHD cases persists well into adulthood in spite of the widespread recognition of this neurodevelopmental disorder’s onset for which it only occurs in childhood and adolescent years (Simon, Czobor, Balint, Meszaros, & Bitter, 2009). Furthermore, some adults are diagnosed with ADHD without having been diagnosed previously (National Resource Center on ADHD, 2013). Moreover, Asherson et al. (2012) raised a crucial argument in their research that adults with ADHD likely underestimate or ignore the influence brought by the disorder and attempt to compensate for or rationalize the deficiencies by adapting lifestyle that works for them. Thus, it is likely that the current prevalence of ADHD in adults is underreported. Essentially, it indicates that ADHD is a life-long neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorder attributed to a sophisticated combination of genetic and environment components. As ADHD is categorized in neurodevelopmental disorders in the DSM-5, this psychiatric disorder involves selective impairment in relation to neurological
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