Diagnosis and Treatment Planning in Counseling

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Diagnosis and Treatment Planning in Counseling

Who published the DSM-VI? American Psychiatric Association.

What is recorded on Axis III? General medical conditions

Anorexia Nervosa -refusal to maintain body weight, body weight less than 85% of the expected weight
-intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight
-disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced
-in postmenarcheal females, amenorrhea
Criteria for gender identity disorder
-a strong and persistent cross-gender identification (not for the cultural advantage of the other sex)
-persistent discomfort with his or her sex or sense of inappropriateness in the gender of that sex.
-the disturbance I not concurrent with
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-believes that he or she is “special” and unique and can only be understood by or should associate with, other special or high-status people or institutions
-requires excessive admiration
-sense of entitlement
-interpersonally exploitative takes advantage of others to achieve his or her ends
-lack empathy
-often envious of other or believes that other are envious of him or her
-shows arrogant, haughty behaviors or attitudes.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder (Cluster A)
-pervasive pattern of social and interpersonal deficits marked by acute discomfort with and reduced capacity for close relationships as well as by cognitive or perceptual distortions and eccentricities of behavior beginning in early adulthood five or more of
-ideas of reference (excluding delusions of reference) -odd beliefs or magical thinking
-unusual perceptual experiences, including bodily illusions
-odd thinking and speech
-suspiciousness or paranoid ideation
-inappropriate or constricted affect
-behavior or appearance that is odd, eccentric, or peculiar
-lack of close friend or confidants other than first-degree relatives
-excessive social anxiety that does not diminish with familiarity and tends to be associated with paranoia.

Schizoid Personality Disorder
-pervasive pattern of detachment form social relationships and a restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal settings.