Diagnostic And Statistical Manual ( Dsm V )

829 WordsMar 23, 20154 Pages
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V), American Psychiatric Association (APA) (2013) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), World Health Organization (WHO) (1995) are two similar systems (though not identical) which clinicians use to offer dependence diagnosing criteria by objectively identifying substance misuse and mental health disorder. According to Cooper (2011) dual diagnosis, co-morbidity, co-existence or co-occurring are terms used to identify the combination of substance use and mental health problems. (SOURCE) states that dual diagnosis, co-morbidity, co-existence, co-occurring, mental ill health, mental distress and mental health disorder/problems are terminologies used interchangeably. McHugh et al (2010) suggests that substance use is the taking of any illicit psychoactive substances or the improper use of any prescribed or over the counter medications. Hawkings and Gilburt, (2004, p.10) argues that substance use is the consumption of drugs by an individual into their bloodstream through injecting, swallowing or smoking, while similarly APA (2013) maintains that a substance use disorder occurs when the use of one or more substances leads to a clinically significant impairment or distress. Mind (2013) maintains that mental health problems are likely to affect the way individuals think, feel and behave. Similarly Townsend (2014) suggests that mental illness is the diagnosed clinically recognised behavioural patterns or symptoms. Therefore it
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