Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

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The American Psychiatric Association publishes the DSM-IV for medical personal to refer to when diagnosing patients. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition consist of three major components; diagnostic classification, diagnostic criteria set, and the descriptive text, which covers all mental health disorders for both children and adults. Some of the information covered by the DSM-IV includes known causes of disorders, statistics in terms of gender, and age of onset, prognosis and research concerning the optimal treatments available. This medical book is referred to when those interacting with the patient are trying to understand them and their disorder. It is also available for the payees to understand the…show more content…
Many factors contribute to what is considered by a medical professional as a person with a psychotic disorder. For most disorders in this category, the symptoms must persist for a period of six months or longer. There are exceptions as some can be brief and temporary. Since these illnesses affect each individual differently there may be multiple symptoms. There could be social withdrawal. The person can be observed as being agitated frequently. Depersonalization may occur. It is defined as state in which a person loses all sense of their identity and may feel as if their own thoughts and feelings are not their own. Some have a loss of appetite. Worsened hygiene is also a symptom found among those diagnosed, because of how these mental disorders affect the person. Disorganized speech and their behaviors are commonly found in patients. Having delusions, which are false beliefs that are upheld even though things prove otherwise, are a common symptom. Along with delusions, hallucinations are a part of what define a psychotic disorder. Usually those that experience a psychotic disorder start to have problems at school or work and loss interest in many of the activities they once enjoyed. In some cases people have been shown to exhibit dangerous actions to people around them or to themselves. There can be many things that may cause a psychotic disorder in someone at any point in their lives. Because there could be potentially many reasons why someone has developed a
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