Diagnostic Considerations : Symptoms And Treatment Essay

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Diagnostic Considerations: Any inflammatory process that involves the skin, such as contact dermatitis, can leave areas of hypopigmentation upon healing. Examine for the following potential signs of atopic dermatitis: Eczema in the popliteal or antecubital fossa , Nipple eczema, Cheilitis , Dennie-Morgan infraorbital fold , Anterior neck folds, Wool intolerance, White dermographism and Infra-auricular fissuring. This may occur in other disorders as well, including fungal diseases (eg, tinea versicolor). Tinea versicolor is a common, benign, superficial cutaneous fungal infection usually characterized by hypopigmented or hyperpigmented macules and patches on the chest and the back. In patients with a predisposition, tinea versicolor may chronically recur. The fungal infection is localized to the stratum corneum. Tinea versicolor is caused by the dimorphic, lipophilic organisms in the genus Malassezia, formerly known as Pityrosporum. Eleven species are recognized within this classification of yeasts, of which Malassezia globosa and Malassezia furfur are the predominant species isolated in tinea versicolorThe lesions of tinea versicolor favor the upper trunk of adolescents. Potassium hydroxide examination of the associated scales reveals hyphal and yeast forms of Malassezia furfur.
Idiopathic disorders as Vitiligo may be confused with PA. Vitiligo is an acquired pigmentary disorder of the skin and mucous membranes that is characterized by circumscribed, depigmented
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