Diet and Nutrition Essay

1123 Words 5 Pages
A person eats to gain energy from food that allows our body to perform various functions that allows us to survive. The food that people take in will go through their digestive system that then allows them to harness the energy within food. That energy that is taken from the food is then sent, via the bloodstream, to all of the living cells. These cells then use this energy to perform their daily functions and tasks. We also eat food to help rebuild and repair damaged and old cells. Diets are particular foods that are eaten by a particular person or group. There are many types of diets that can either differ in small ways or big ways. Different diets can also be healthy or unhealthy for you. An example of an unhealthy diet is one …show more content…
The easiest way to lower a persons’ risk of lifestyle disease is to change their diet to a more healthful one, and staying out of harmful environments. So, lifestyle diseases are diseases that you can’t always control but a person can greatly lower his risk of obtaining them. There are six different food groups and they are: Fruit, Grain, Lean Meat and Poultry, Milk and Dairy, and Vegetables. You should eat mostly grains, vegetables, and fruits. From most to least you should eat: Grain, Vegetables, Fruit, Lean Meat and Poultry, Milk and Dairy, and then lastly fats, oils, and sweets. You should in small amounts and only sometimes eat fats, oils, and sweets. All of these different food groups contribute to your daily diet. The Daily intake guidelines are the amounts and percentages of fats, proteins, carbs, etc. that a person should intake every day for healthy eating. These guidelines are based on your weight; for example a person who weighs 100 lbs. would need less carbs than a person who weighs 200 lbs. It is also based on your level of physical activity, height, and age. The daily intake (DI) you see on various foods is based on an average adult’s daily requirement of 8700kJ. The amount of kJ a person needs varies from person to person because we are all different and require different amounts of nutrients. Minerals are a class of a class of nutrients that are inorganic compounds and that are necessary for certain body
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