Difference Between Montessori And Steiner

1102 Words5 Pages
When comparing and contrasting two teaching approaches, it is important to remember that although there is a myriad of different types i.e. Froebel, Montessori, Steiner etc., they all possess similarities and differences. Each individual approach has many fascinating points, however the Montessori and Steiner approach will be discussed in this essay. Montessori’s approach is based on the understanding that children have an inborn capacity to acquire information and to teach themselves when placed in an environment that allows freedom and independence to work at their own pace (Miller, 2010, p.71). Whereas Steiner’s approach is based on the understanding that children learn primarily through imitation and whatever is happening around them from…show more content…
Maria Montessori was born in Chiaravalle, Italy in 1870. Montessori studied science maths and engineering and later went on to study medicine specializing in paediatrics in 1896, becoming the first female graduate doctor in Rome. Rudolf Steiner on the other hand was born in 1861, nine years before Montessori in Kraljevec, Croatia but later moved to Austria to facilitate Steiner’s father’s work. Steiner was a great thinker, an artist of many kinds, a philosopher and a scientist interested in humanity also known as anthroposophy (Miller, 2010). The environmental aspects of both theorists are profound and can still be seen in many settings today. It is the emphasis that is put on the preparation of the environment that…show more content…
Montessori’s teaching approach aims to develop all aspects of the child mentally and socially (Pound, 2012). Montessori cautioned teachers to remember that children need to be allowed to do basic tasks to learn for themselves (Mooney, 2000, p.28). The role of the teacher in a Montessori setting is mainly observation of the child, encouragement, preparation of the environment, leadership, fostering the child’s independence (Mooney, 2000, p.29), and keeping a complex and delicate balance between each role. (Miller, 2010, p.79). Both theorists acknowledged that children learn best by doing and through repetition of tasks (Mooney, 2000, p.29). Large blocks of time for free work and play, should be scheduled as this was part of the Montessori legacy, this can also be seen in Steiner settings. (Pound, 2012). The teacher should also give children responsibility for keeping the setting space clean and tidy and allow the children to structure their own play. (Mooney, 2000, p.29). Steiner’s role of the teacher is comparable. Steiner wanted to create an education which gave children ‘clarity of thought, sensitivity of feeling and strength of will’ (Pound 2012, p28). Like Montessori the role of the teacher is all about observation, the teacher needs to be both interested and observational of the child’s basic needs to fully develop the child both

More about Difference Between Montessori And Steiner

Open Document