Difference between HIV and AIDS

1344 Words Jan 26th, 2018 5 Pages
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This virus enters the human immune system, which is the body’s natural defense system, and attacks the body’s CD4 cells (T-cells), and over time, the virus destroys many cells leaving the body incapable of fighting off any infection as minor as a common cold. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. This means that the body’s CD4 cells have fallen below 200 cells/mm3, and the individual has full blown AIDS. HIV leads to AIDS with lack of treatment over time. Unfortunately, the symptoms of HIV are similar to those of the flu. Because there is a lack of treatment for HIV, health facilities encourage individuals to be tested twice a year. To reduce the HIV and AIDS diagnosis rate in individuals who live in South Africa, the government should provide adequate health care and informative seminars. In Johannesburg, South Africa, about 29 percent of the pregnant women were living with HIV in 2009. Despite the increased levels of help from their health department and numerous prevention campaigns, this rate has not changed. Based on blood samples taken from 33,000 pregnant women in the 52 health facilities, 29.4 percent of these women were HIV positive, whereas in 2008 there were 29.3 percent infected women and in 2007 29.4. The rate of HIV in 15-24 year-old women remained at a constant rate of 21.7 percent 2008 as well. Also, following the trend of…

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