Differences And Characteristics Of The Greek And Roman Culture

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Greek and Roman cultures together constitute the ancient culture with distinctive characteristics. In almost all areas of two ancient civilisations we trace the main feature - the focus on the person. The Greeks and Romans accepted everything that existed on earth; they did not need other worlds. Their gods were clear and did not inspire mystical horror. The heroes of myths repeatedly penetrated into the underworld and returned from there unharmed. Therefore, the ancient religion had the tendency for a positive attitude towards reality. Greek Pantheon of gods was more open and closer to people while the Romans were more formal: they organized the relationship with the gods. In response to the worship the god was to fulfil the request of the…show more content…
In ancient states, priests were regarded as officials who took care about the welfare of their citizens. Ancient religion was characterized by the absence of rigid dogma, tolerance. If the person did not oppose to the state cults, he was free to believe in anything. The positive perception of the existing world was another characteristic of the Greeks and Romans. They manifested the positivity in their earthly culture that diminished the mysticism. The specific perception of life affected the issue of slavery. First of all, it was taken for granted; as an existing reality. Therefore, it is in the ancient states, where classical understanding of the slavery took place, there was a clear boundary between slave and free man. Free man shall be a citizen of the Greek polis, had rights and responsibilities. Slaves also had the rights, but they were different. A free citizen could involve himself into mental activity in the field of literature, philosophy, science and art as well as such practical activities as agriculture, war, and politics. But unlike the Romans, the Greeks attributed to the honorable pursuits and creative activities. That is why the numerous names of Greek architects, sculptors, painters remain the history, while the Roman ones are not so
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