Differences And Similarities Between Maslow And Taylor

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Frederick Winslow Taylor and Abraham Maslow
This essay explores the similarities and differences between Abraham Maslow and Frederick Winslow Taylor. Primarily, they both had contrastive management theories. Maslow believed that people are motivated to achieve certain needs. When one need is fulfilled a person seeks to fulfil the next one, and so on (Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, McLeod, 2007). Taylor, on the other hand, applied his engineering and scientific knowledge to management and developed a theory called Scientific Management Theory (Frederick Taylor: Theories, Principles and Contributions to Management). There is, however, a comparison between these management theorists as they both ignored the external environment of the business,
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The external environment of an organisation are those factors outside of the company that affect the company’s ability to function. These factors can include customers, the government, the economy, and competition (Five Components of an Organization’s External Environment, George N. Root III). Although Maslow discovered ways that management can motivate employees, he ignored the fact that management must also influence customers to buy their products. Likewise, Taylor decided that using science would improve the workplace, but that does not mean that sales will increase. Both Maslow and Taylor did not take into account government regulations or the economy when outlining their management theories. If the economy was struggling, e.g. If there was a recession, Maslow’s management theory may not be successful as worker’s psychological needs such as a salary could not be fulfilled as the business may not have the money to do so (Five Components of an Organization’s External Environment, George N. Root III). Likewise, Taylor believed that efficiency could be improved by utilizing scientific, engineering and mathematical analysis. However, it may not be possible for a business to operate in a scientific manner if the economy is in recession and does not have the capital to do so (Scientific Management: Theories, Principles and Definition). Maslow and Taylor also failed to recognise their competitors in the external environment. They both chose a management style that increased productivity, but this does not affect the demand for products. The first need that must be satisfied in Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs is psychological, such as wages (Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Motivational Model). Businesses who adopt this type of management style may offer a competitive salary to their employees to motivate them, which may also result in an increase in the
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