Differences And Similarities Between Second Language Theory And Second Language Learning Theories

1062 Words5 Pages
Differences and Similarities between Second Language Learning Theories
Furkan SAHIN
Sakarya University Faculty of Education Differences and Similarities between Second Language Learning Theories There are various theories and hypotheses concerning second language learning which explain how learners obtain the language in many aspects. Even though not one of them is accepted by researchers broadly, they are illuminating the progression of the second language learning. Most of them are related to branches including linguistics, neuroscience, education, sociolinguistics, and psychology. And all of them have their differences and similarities. In this essay those similarities and differences will be covered.
Contrastive Analysis Contrastive analysis hypothesis is first mentioned by Robert Lado in his book Linguistics Across Cultures (1957). According to this hypothesis there is a hardship in learning a part of target language if the related part is difficult to learn in learner’s native language. As stated by Lado (1957) "those elements
…show more content…
It is based on children who learn their first language in a universal order. Although it is much less consistent in L2 learning than L1 learning, there is a research about it indicates that it is not so much effective in L2 learning because of the interference of L1 just like contrastive analysis. The research also shows that most of the L2 learners start with silent period in which learner doesn’t participate. And while the learner is in silent period he or she just doing “self-talk” and memorizing important chunks like everyday speech. And that resembles acquisition-learning hypothesis in which input is all that matters. The whole hypothesis is very similar to UG as well, as they both support that humans are born with grammatical
Get Access