As opposed to Carthage which was ruled by two kings and a legislative assemble picked by these kings Rome was one of the world’s first republics, the same type of political system we have today.
The Greece and the Roman empires are considered to be amongst the most powerful empires in history as their impact is still felt some 2000 years after they were conquered. The Greece Empire is said to have lasted for approximately 350 years while the Roman Empire is said to have lasted for between 500 and 1500 years based on how one interprets the rule of the Romans (Ahbel-Rappe 530). Over time, there has been a debate on which of the two empires was strong than the other based on the impacts to the ancient world. From the debates, it has been noted that some individuals hold on to the fact that the Romans managed to develop a world that the Greeks only dreamed about while others have maintained that the Greeks had built a better world than the Romans (Roisman 410). Based on my knowledge of the two empires, I think the Romans were better than the Greeks thus making the Greeks to dream of building a world similar to that of Romans. As such, this paper will give points for and against my claim.
The Roman empire and the Persian empire were both world powers for a reason. Both empires used very similar and different strategies to achieve all the power they accumulated over time. They both had very different views on everything from religion to human rights. Both empires both grew around the general same area, the Mediterranean Sea. They both used massive military force when conquering other empires and lands.
Rome and Carthage shared many aspects when the two first clash. Carthage had two chief magistrates referred to as Suffetes, which compared to the political power of the Roman consuls, a council of elders named the “hundred,” which was similar to the Roman senate, and there was a Carthaginian assembly, the consistency resembled the Roman comitia (Morey, 1901). This is where the similarities end for Carthaginian, ruled by a few wealthy families, the Carthaginians did not integrate their subjects into the state, and they did not have the great loyalty of its citizens that Rome enjoyed. By placing its army under the command of a single permanent leader, Carthage created an overwhelming advantage to Rome, which had its armies controlled by the ever-changing civil magistrates and consuls (Morey, 1901).
The Roman Empire flourished for many reasons. It welcomed local customs and religions, had a strong military, and they were the greatest road builders of the ancient world allowing trade to flourish. Roman law was fair to all with just regulations and rules, and conquered people were offered Roman citizenship.
The Roman Empire was one of the most popular empires that there ever was. It was also one of the largest as it went as far as Memphis in the South and Europe in the North (document 3). The empire’s location was not the best. Water practically surrounded the entire empire. The Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Atlantic Ocean, and Caspian Sea were all ports of water around it. However, that did not hold back the empire’s power, as it quickly adapted and used it to their advantage. Sea trade, deep harbors, and roads are a few of the ways that the Roman Empire used their location to help themselves.
All in a word, a more disciplined army and a stronger sense of honor and belongings of Romans made them competitive and advantageous than the Carthaginians so that the Romans can build a powerful empire in the core area of Europe that almost contains the whole Mediterranean.
Geography played an important role throughout Roman history. Rome laid on the plain of Latium in Italy. The Apennines, a mountain range that bisects Italy, didn’t separate the land into different communities that were isolated from each other like those in Greece. Also, Italy had good land for agriculture, which helped them in maintaining a huge population. Rome was close enough to surrounding seas to have access to them, but also far enough away to be protected from pirates. Rome was placed on top of many hills, which made it easy to defend from attackers. Italy was also located in the center of the Mediterranean Sea, making it easy for them to take control of the region and be involved in other Mediterranean matters.
The Roman empire gave way due to its time of peace also known as the Pax Romana, a period which largely allowed Rome to capture many territories, as well as build a successful military. This extensive and successful military is what made it easy for Roman culture to spread so expansively. His army was able to take over territories throughout
The Roman Empire was said to be one of the most powerful and largest empires in all of history. The Roman Empire had a monstrous army and was always on the hunt for new land. Also, the Romans built a strong wall around the border to prevent Barbarian invasions. In order to defend and preserve the empire, the Romans were very militaristic. They used a variety of procedures to preserve the empire. The Romans fought in numerous wars to defend their empire, and they were very successful. An example of the Romans fighting to defend their empire was the Punic Wars. The Punic Wars were fought between Rome and Carthage. The Romans felt that the Carthaginians were an imminent danger to their empire, so they thought quickly to destroy them. Throughout the Punic Wars, the Roman army faced very tough military forces, including
Carthage had two magistrates called suffites who were like the Roman consuls. Carthage had a council of elders called hundred just like the Romans had the senate. Carthage also had trading colonies just as Rome had her colonies around Italy. Rome was rich and Carthage was rich; Rome was rich thanks to the taxes that conquered colonies paid to her. Carthage was rich because of trade between the West and the East that is why Carthage was called the great merchant of the Mediterranean. Even in the end of the Carthage Empire, both Rome and Carthage had similarities. The sons of some of their best soldiers were the leaders of their armies Pablius Scipius
Victory over Carthage brought Rome to greater heights. Romans had secured world supremacy and established dominant power. As a result, Rome suffered and experienced crises more than they could have imagined such as different forms of slavery, plunder, land reform, expansion of citizenship, wars within and outside of Rome, and the changing of the Roman armies.
It can be said that the two cities almost equaled regarding power and resources because Carthage had greater wealth, but Rome had a better organization. Carthage had a more powerful navy, but Rome had a more efficient army. Carthage had more brilliant leaders,
The Roman Empire was one of the greatest, and well-rounded civilization in ancient times. What made them so great was their knowledge that they received from the Greeks and their ability to grow from what they learned. The Romans did not start off with a dictator, they had elected people to power. In the early years of the republic of Rome, this allowed them to grow. Starting off in the middle of Italy and eventually conquering all territories around the Mediterranean Sea. There are several factors that made Rome great, and their stability and longevity as a power house is worth talking about
The main reason why Rome became an empire is that the Romans were not satisfied with conquering the neighboring land around them. This desire to conquer more land was fueled by the Romans victory over Carthage that made them to become the most powerful state in the Mediterranean region. Through this victory, the Romans had all the opportunity they required to extend their powers across the region. As a result, the Romans became more wealthy and powerful as they were able to expand their empire further ("The Roman Empire" par, 3). Their pursuit to conquer more land and establish the Roman Empire was also driven by the Romans belief that the land further away may contain riches that would