Differences And Similarities Of Liberalism Essay examples

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Differences and Similarities of Liberalism      The purpose of this paper is to treat the similarly and differences of liberalism. I will use John Locke and Adam Smith to represent classical liberals. John Stuart Mill and John Maynard Keynes will be used to show contemporary liberals. John Locke      In John Locke's Second Treatise of Government he develops a theory of government as a product of a social contract, which when broken justifies the creation of a new government for the protection of life, liberty and property. He begins his argument by developing a theory of the state of nature which is      ...what state all men are naturally in, and that is, a…show more content…
secondly...there wants a known and indifferent judge, with authority to determine all differences according to the established law...thirdly...There often wants power to back and support the sentence when right, and to give it due execution. They who by any injustice offend, will seldom fail, where they are able, by force to make good their injustice...5      In Locke's government men only give up the right to the above mentioned things, to create the law for themselves, to judge the law for themselves, and to execute the law for themselves. These are the only rights that the government has the right to interfere in as it is the only reason that people entered into a commonwealth. Locke also explains the new social contract that the new government should operate under. The first point of the contract is that the people agree to form a body politic, in which the majority rule. Second the body politic selects a government of the day. (elects people on a regular basis to the government to legislate the law)      Locke laid out who should be allowed the right to vote, who shouldn't be allowed to vote and gives his reason why. ...all
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