Differences Between Classical And Operant Conditioning

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Exam 2
1. What is the difference between classical and operant conditioning? How might both play roles in the life of an animal in a natural environment? The classical conditioning is when an animal learns the relation between an event, that it has no control over, with a beneficial consequence. In operant conditioning, the animal learns the association between an action, or situation that it has control over, in order to produce a beneficial consequence, such as a reward. Both these two associative learning behaviors can be relevant to the animal in the wild. In the classical conditioning, for example, if a predator animal that learns how to associate the sunset with the appearance of prey has more chance to survive. In the operant conditioning, an animal can learn how to gather a food resource by performing a determinate behavior. For example, if the animal knock on a specific tree, the prey would appear.
Resources:
Textbook Animal Behavior
2. What is a “critical period” for imprint learning? If a male duck is raised by a female of another species, what could happen to his courtship
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The food aversion is normally caused by a very strong discomfort, bad taste, nausea, and vomiting. The nervous system learns to correlate the discomfort feeling with the food ingested, and store it in the long-lasting memory. Ever more, the taste aversion learning is different from the associative learn, because the nausea is right after eating the food, and it needs to happen only one time to be learned, so the correlation is instantly and do not need repetition. This behavior can shape the diet of animals in an evolutionary way by natural selection, since it is a long-lasting memory. Animals that learn what food resource to avoid have more chances to
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