Differences Between First And Second Language Acquisition

925 Words Oct 12th, 2015 4 Pages
There are many similarities and differences when looking at first and second language acquisition. One similarity pertains to the development of reading and writing skills. Even in different languages, it has been said that learning to read and write is essentially the same throughout them all with only slight differences due to the different writing systems. One similarity takes into account how readers learn to read, how they recognize patterns, and how they use different cognitive processes. Another similarity takes into account that learning to write is based on spoken language and being able to recognize characters and symbols as letters. An example given focused on how Chinese students learn to read when they can recognize and understand the different Chinese characters. Moreover, students whose language is alphabetical, for example French and Spanish, have an easier time learning to connect letters and their corresponding sounds in English, where with Chinese, whose language is not alphabetical, have a harder time connecting the letters and their sounds in English (Lugo, 2012).
One major difference between first and second language acquisition is language transfer. In their first language, students will learn concepts about grammar and spelling; therefore, when learning their second language these previously learned concepts from their first language will interact and serve as a foundation for learning new concepts. Consequently, students learning with a second…
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