Differences Between Gender And Gender

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exuality and Gender Generally, we think there are two sexes and two genders: male and female. Many sociologists have based their theories of sex and gender on this binary system. From birth we are taught to act either like a lady or like a man, there is no in between. We believe gender is shaped by biology, that it is a doing, and it originates from our cultures yet, gender nonconforming people may challenge these theories. First, although we believe there are only two sexes, there are actually five (Fausto-Sterling, 1993). There are hermaphrodites who have one testes and one ovary, merms that have male genitalia and some ovaries, ferms that have ovaries and some male genitalia, and then man and woman (Fausto-Sterling, 1993). Also, one in every four births are intersex (Fausto-Sterling, 1993). We want these gender nonconforming people to be “fixed” surgically because they no longer fit into our social norms, and threaten what we think to be true about gender, however they are more common than many think (Fausto-Sterling, 1993). We try to explain gender differences by biology. Many people and sociologists believe in the idea of biology as destiny (Kimmel, 2012). We use the idea of being biologically male or female in order to explain why we are more prone to act or look one way or another (Kimmel, 2012). Women are smaller and more petite and are supposed to have more emotions, while men are thought to be biologically taller and better at things like math (Kimmel, 2012).
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