Differences Between North And South

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The North and the South emerged as two distinctly different sides during the antebellum period. The major differences that emerged during this time revolved around geography/climate, transportation, society and economy. Under these categories involve population, industry and culture. These differences are what shaped each region during this time period. The geography and climate of the North and the South vary. The South proceeded to be warm and sunny with hot, humid summers. The winters were mild and the land gained heavy rainfall. The warm weather created ideal land for farming and provided great conditions for more diversity in crop production. The easy access to the coasts provided water and trade routes for exports. The land also contained slow, wide rivers that helped trading goods and transportation. The land was covered in rich soil, swamps and forests. The North had warm summers and cold, snowy winters. The terrain was rocky and hilly making it unfit for farming in most areas. The weather change made for short growing seasons. The forests that covered the area made for great timber used in shipbuilding. The rivers were fast moving and shallow, making them hard to navigate and trade large quantities of goods on. Most of the rivers contained waterfalls that were used to power factories. The economy of the North was based on the manufacturing of goods and industry. The North produced textiles, lumber and furs while also containing mines and shipping. The small farms grew food crops and raised livestock that were for family use. The factories were powered by water power and coal for steam plants, making great conditions for quick production of goods. These goods were exported in large quantities, making the North favor high tariffs on imports. The South was based on agriculture, growing mainly cash crops like cotton, tobacco, rice, sugar cane and indigo. These cash crops, mainly cotton, made up two-thirds of the total value of exports in America. African slaves maintained the large plantations that covered the South. As a result of the South buying slaves from Africa, they favored low tariffs. (Civil War Trust, 2017). The North’s society thrived with cities as centers of commerce. “The overall
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