Differences Between Plato 's And Kant

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I chose to select differences and similarities between Plato’s and Kant’s works. It is very apparent that both philosophers are speaking to the necessity of man developing personal ethics, but each thinker approaches this universal question using different principles. Plato uses Socrates’ dialogue to assess how one acquires wisdom through the acknowledgement of inherent ignorance. Kant evaluates the causes of people remaining in willful ignorance and the methods by which they can lift themselves out of such a state into enlightenment. Before comparing these two philosophers, one must recognize that both have displayed differences in ethics, as some call one “Platonic” and the other “Kantian”. First, let us examine the ethics of Immanuel Kant. We must acknowledge the most prominent features in Kant’s ethics were deontological, normative and the value of autonomy. Deontological ethics are basically the judgment of actions’ morality based on how they relate to rules or obligations. One’s duties, according to Kant, are bounded to that person; therefore, his or her actions should adhere to the expectations outlined in these duties. While addressing duties in the text Moreover, normative ethics are concerned with whether an action is right or wrong. They look to establish a relationship between these differences in order to have moral rules that can find a balance in the medium. And finally, values autonomy is the notion that every individual should use his or her own
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