Differences and Similarities of Ancient Religions of India

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Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism gained importance and popularity during a time of great religious exploration. While these religions have some similarities, they also have some distinct differences. The key to all three of these is enlightment. Let’s look at some other similarities between them. Buddhism and Jainism, originated and developed individually in the same geographical area of India with neither believing in the existence of God, but they do recognize a higher human form. All three religions believe in a cycle of birth, death and rebirth with the possibility of freeing themselves from this cycle. Buddhism calls this Nirvana, while Jainism calls it moksha and Hindu’s call it samsara. Buddhism believes in the path of…show more content…
Whereas Jainism believes after Nirvana, the soul continues to remain as an individual soul, but in the highest state of purity and enlightenment. According to Hinduism, the liberated soul enjoys eternal happiness in heaven or gets merged with Brahman i.e., the Primeval Being, the originator of the world. But as per Jainism, the soul after liberation remains forever at the top of the loka, i.e., universe. Another difference would be to who they worship. The original Buddhist doctrine does not entail any godly figures, though the later Buddhist sects introduced some Godly figures, while Hindus believe in at least 300,000 Gods. In Jainism, worship is not offered to an eternal and eternally pure God, but to those great ones who have realized their high ideal and attained Godhood for themselves Buddhism does follow some rituals but only in the form of meditation, bowing and different forms of worship while offering prayer in the Buddhist temples. Buddhist practices also do not require any priests. The rituals with Hinduism are more complex and vary from birth to death of a person and priests do play an important role in all the rituals. The significance of worship in Hinduism is also not the same as that in Jainism. In Jainism, there is no offering of food, and prayer is not made to the deity. As Hinduism is a sacrificial religion, the performance of several sacrifices for a variety of reasons
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