Differences and Similarities of Liberalism

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Differences and Similarities of Liberalism The purpose of this paper is to treat the similarly and differences of liberalism. I will use John Locke and Adam Smith to represent classical liberals. John Stuart Mill and John Maynard Keynes will be used to show contemporary liberals. John Locke In John Locke's Second Treatise of Government he develops a theory of government as a product of a social contract, which when broken justifies the creation of a new government for the protection of life, liberty and property. He begins his argument by developing a theory of the state of nature which is ...what state all men are naturally in, and that is, a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their…show more content…
On the other hand, the obligation to be bound by law and subject to the lawful government is fixed on all men whether or not they have property in the sense of estate, and indeed whether or not they have made an express compact.6 Johns Stuart Mill There is no difficulty in showing that the ideally best form of government is that in which the sovereignty, or supreme controlling power in the last resort, is vested in the entire aggregate of the community.7 It is with this statement that Mill begins his augment in The Ideally Best Polity showing his believe in Locke's democracy but saying that all people could be best served by the government if everyone could vote. As this is the only way the government learns what it needs to know in order to govern. He comes to this concussion by saying that participatory democracy is the best answer to the two questions that he poses as to what makes a good government. ...namely how far it promotes the good management of the affairs of society by means of the existing faculties, moral, intellectual, and active, of its various members, and what effect in improving or deteriorating those faculties.8 Mill believes that it is necessary to expand the role of government not only to protect the people from the government but to
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