Differences in Development between the Chesapeake Regions and New England

1555 Words 7 Pages
Differences in Development between the Chesapeake Regions and New England
The seventeenth and early eighteenth century, brought thousands of immigrants to America in pursuit of freedom and a new life. Some desired freedom from religious persecution, others wanted a chance to be free from the poverty that ensnared them in England Thus the American colonies were formed. Although the colonies were all united under British rule, they eventually separated into various regions including the Chesapeake region, the New England region, the Middle region, and the Southern region. Despite all the colonies being primarily inhabited by people of English origin the Chesapeake and New England regions evolved into two distinct societies due to
…show more content…
The impact religion had on the Chesapeake region is minimal, however when compared to the overwhelming effect it had in New England. The New England region included the colonies of New Hampshire, Maine, Massachusetts Bay, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Plymouth. The foremost religion of the New England region was Puritanism, which was most prominent in the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Connecticut colonies. The colony of Rhode Island was formed when Roger Williams was expelled for radical ideas. He found the Church of England to be corrupt and stressed the importance of religious tolerance while creating one of the first Baptist churches. Later Anne Hutchinson, another colonist expelled for radical and dangerous ideas, founded Portsmouth which stressed the importance of faith, not deeds. Eventually Williams joined the colonies to form Rhode Island. New England became a fortress of congregationalism which developed community religion and further strengthened the Puritan church. The church, though wholly religious, still faced issues preserving orthodoxy without compromising the rights of the congregation, but they were hesitant to undermine the authority of the laity in favor of the ministry. The Puritans mistrust of any English authority governing them, eventually led to their refusal to adhere to
Open Document