Different Forms Of Matrix Organization

1811 Words Mar 16th, 2016 8 Pages
Project management can take on a variety of applications and systems, making it difficult to find a consent concise definition within literature. However, Cleland and King (1983) succinctly define project management as a “combination of human and nonhuman resources pulled together in a ‘temporary’ organization to achieve a specific purpose” (Cleland & King, 1983, p. 187). Galbraith (1971) characterised a continuum of project management systems. At one end is ‘functional organisation’, which is regarded as more traditional, through to ‘product organisation’. Existing in the middle is ‘matrix organisation’, a hybrid of either end of the spectrum (see fig. 1). Three different forms of matrix organisation are identified in literature: ‘functional matrix’, ‘balanced matrix’, and ‘project matrix’ (Gobeli & Larson, 1986; Vasconcellos & Hemsley, 1981; Youker, 1977). Each of the project management systems establishes distinctive associations between the various participants in a project. However, there is currently no evidence to suggest a single superior project management system. Rather the project and functional managers in a project management system are what drives the successfulness of a project, and are intrinsically connected to the project organisational culture.
The project management system ‘functional organisation’ is, as stated previously, the more traditional organisational system. It is where an existing organization is separated into segments and projects are…
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