Different Kinds of Kingship in India

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Kingship During the 17th century the British slowly conquered the nation of India. It would not be accurate to say they conquered "India" since the land of India was not a unified state. This made the British occupation and conquest easier since there were many independent kingdoms, many at war with each other. Therefore, a small number of British were able to bring millions of Indians under their control, primarily due to the technological advantage of the Europeans. Europeans, represented by the British, used the knowledge gained in science, economics, technology, etc., to conquer the less technologically advanced areas of the world. This is exactly what the British did in India, however, some less technologically advanced rulers, seeing the advantage of information, actively pursued European knowledge and imitated European ways of governing. On the other hand, others were too enamored with the scintillating technological devices and other luxuries brought by the Europeans to be bothered with modernizing their kingdoms. Two stories which depict the different ways Indian rulers reacted to the influx of European technology, knowledge and ways of governance are Girish Karnad's The Dreams of Tipu Sultan and Munshi Premchand's The Chess Players. In one of these stories the king embraces knowledge, science, and technology, while in the other the king fritters away his days in pleasure, ignoring the influx of the British and their knowledge. Tipu Sultan was a real-life
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