Different Models And Theories Associated With Adult Learning

1241 Words Oct 18th, 2015 5 Pages
There is several different models and theories associated with adult learning. Through my research it seems that andragogy is the first thing educators think of when adult learning process is mentioned. Malcolm Knowles says, Andragogy is “the art and science of helping others learn (Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007).”Andragogy are learning strategies focused on adults. It is often interpreted as the process of engaging adult learners with the structure of the learning experience (Clardy, 2005). Andragogy is an assumption that there are different characteristics and requirements when it comes to learning between adults and children. Therefore, the learning procedures used in teaching adults must be altered from the pedagogical procedures related to teaching children. Andragogy is based on five assumptions concerning the adult learner (ASTD, 2007).
First is the assumption that as a person matures, their self-concept moves from a dependent personality towards more of a self-directing personality. (Merriam et al., 2007). At this point the learner is considered self-directed. The second assumption is that an adult accumulates a growing reservoir of experience, which is a rich resource for learning (Merriam et al., 2007). Basically, adults can utilize their experiences to influence themselves and others. Third, the readiness for an adult to learn is in close relation to the developmental tasks of the adult’s social role. (Clardy, 2005). This readiness to learn is a direct…

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