Different Museums All Over The World

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This research contains forty one hypocephali exhibited in different museums all over the world. The aim of the study is to focus on the baboons ' scenes specially their forms, positions, locations, their total number and their number flanking the seated four – headed god. In the Old Kingdom the sacredbaboon or ape was associated with the patron of writing and wisdom god DHwty.Moreover, it was a manifestation of the moon god DHwty and it was a very strong relation between the baboons and the sun in Ancient Egypt because of their curious habit of warming themselves by the sun rays at the beginning of the day with raised paws after a very cold night to the extent that it was believed that these animals adored the solar sphere. The association between the sun god Ra and the baboons can be presented in various ways such as the representation of baboons raising their paws at the obelisks ' pedestals in the worshiping attitude as well as on the facades of some of the temples that were connected with the sun like the great temple of Abu Simbel, offering the wDjAt eye as a symbol of god Ra. In some other cases, baboons were depicted in the solar boats sitting with god Ra. Baboons were depicted in various forms such as standing on their four feet, sitting on their hips as well as standing with raised paws on their hind legs. Baboons were connected with the underworld as represented in chapter 155 of the Dead in which baboons were depicted in a sitting position around the four
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