Different Perspectives Of Knowledge Production

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3. METHODOLOGY 3.1. Introduction The purpose of this dissertation was to explore the relationship between several variables such as age, gender, locations and experiences, and the degree of perceived cultural conflicts in the workplace. In addition, it also aimed to test the relationship between perceived cultural conflicts, support from the HR department and the willingness to take online cross-cultural training. In order to collect effective data, the researcher carefully made choices in terms of research design, research methods, and sampling. Next, limitations of the selected research choices were clarified and discussed by the researcher. Last but most importantly, the researcher kept the ethical principles in mind when conducting…show more content…
Theory can be viewed as ‘an explanation of observed regulations’ (Bryman and Bell, 2011). After that, the concept of epistemology and ontology needs to be taken into consideration, which influences the formation of research questions and implementation of research (Bryman and Bell, 2011). Epistemology is concerned about ‘questions of what is regarded as acceptable knowledge in a discipline’ (Bryman and Bell, 2011). Two main ideologies in epistemology are positivism and interpretivism. The former combines both a deductive approach and inductive strategy; it aims to test theories (Pugh, 1983). The latter aims to gather and appreciate subjective settings in natural contexts (Bryman and Bell, 2011). Ontology is relevant to the nature of society and two main ideologies within ontology are objectivism and constructionism. Objectivism argues that social actors are independent of social phenomena; however, constructionism argues that the actions of social actors construct the social phenomena such as organisational culture. There is a difference between quantitative and qualitative research in terms of relationship with theory, epistemological and ontological orientations. After taking epistemology (positivism and interpretivism) and ontology (objectivism and constructionism) into consideration, both quantitative and qualitative researches were required in this research. Quantitative research was needed to test relationships
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