Different Perspectives in Psychology Coexist Rather Than Conflict. Evaluate This Proposition Drawing on at Least Two Chapters from Book 2

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Different Perspectives in Psychology coexist rather than conflict. Evaluate this proposition drawing on at least two chapters from Book 2.

This paper approaches the topic from a consideration of psychological research in the fields of sex and gender and language. It does so in general terms and avoids discussion at levels of detail. Therefore where a reference is made to specific research the intention is to do no more than exemplify a general principle. The paper will conclude that different perspectives in psychology do at times co-exist, though complement and conflict are frequent. It will suggest the lack of a decisive answer is a result of the relative immaturity of Psychology as a discipline and a concomitant lack of adequately
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Singh 1995, p.148; Buss and Schmitt, 1993, p.148, cited in Holloway et al, 2007) and social constructionist ideas such as Bem's (1994, cited in Holloway et al, 2007, p.153) Gender Schema Theory. Crucially, for the social constructionist gender is something that is continually re-established throughout the lifetime of the individual (cited in Holloway et al, 2007, pp.153). From the biological and evolutionary perspectives, it is predetermined. (33)

Whilst the psychodynamic perspective largely complements the social constructionist, in terms of its interpretive or hermeneutic methodology, its explanations largely focus on the unconscious given that its objects of study entail "the meaning of the biological differences between men and women and how these become internalised in the child's mind" (cited in Holloway et al, 2007, pp.184). Thus both the social constructionist and psychoanalytic perspectives conflict with the biological and evolutionary approaches at the methodological level. Uniquely however (ibid, p.186) the psychodynamic perspective recognises both biological and cultural contributions to it's theorising. It is not without its share of conflict however. Within the perspective, Freudian notions of the opposite sexed p arent as 'sexual object of choice' and 'penis envy' (ibid, p.161f) quickly came under scrutiny of female and feminist psychologists (cf. Horney, 1926, cited in Holloway et al,

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