Different Philosophies And New Discoveries Have Created A Foundation That All Nurses Work

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Nursing has evolved from voodoo and magic to a systematic process of sterile medical procedures. Views on Nursing as a career and who performs nursing duties have all changed in time. Different philosophies and new discoveries have created a foundation that all nurses work from. No matter what philosophy one believes in, it is fair to say all have one thing in common, taking care of ones in need. History goes back to the classical era where Egyptians were known to have remedies that would cure sickness with the use of lizard’s blood, swine’s ear, putrid meat and fat, milk of lactating women, and excreta of donkeys and lions (Masters, 2014). In this time, experiencing illness was a punishment for some act of sin (masters, 2014). The…show more content…
Louis Pasteur discovered pasteurization, Joseph Lister brought asepsis to surgery, Robert Koch demonstrated transmission of organisms by different modes of transmission, and Edwin Klebs proved the germ theory (Master, 2014). Between 1500 and 1860, it was considered the dark period of nursing. Nurses, at this time, was a role of servitude as menial, low-status work. Most women who filled these roles were illiterate, rough, inconsiderate, and often immoral and alcoholics (Master, 2014). It wasn’t until a woman named Florence Nightingale to come in a change the entire nursing world. Nightingale was born to a wealthy family and was not supported by her family when she pursued nursing. In 1852, Nightingale took her future into her own hands and moved to Kaiserwerth for her studies (Masters, 2014). From here, Nightingale was offered the position of female nursing establishment of the English General Hospitals in Turkey. When Nightingale sailed over seas to camps set up for wounded solider, she brought medical equipment, set up kitchens, recreation rooms, and reading rooms (Masters, 2014). More importantly, she provided humane health care. Years later, Nightingale used St. Thomas as her beginning of professional nursing school (Masters, 2014). Nightingale had high standards on who is accepted and who becomes a nurse. Students who were picked had to be of good moral character, sober, and honest with no possible ties to disgraceful associations of past nurses
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