Different Styles And Strategies Of Policing

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There are many different styles and strategies of policing. Some have been well established in history and others have been developed more recently. One factor each method has in common is the goal to improve law enforcement. Some of these styles include Community Policing, Predictive Policing, Hot Spot Policing, Intelligence Led Policing, Problem Oriented Policing, and many more. Each one has its own benefits and drawbacks that must be considered thoroughly in order to best target crime. Community style policing is often described as a “philosophy” in which law enforcement and their officers work to build personal relationships with members of the community, according to The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. The goal…show more content…
Problem Oriented Policing involves analyzing problems that have arisen and determining whether or not they are a risk to become a larger, more uncontrollable dilemma. Another strategy I have studied is Reassurance Policing. This method involves investigating and then addressing the issues that the public has voiced concern over in order to reduce fear and hopefully crime as well. The varying strategies for policing can be confusing, but is necessary in order to best address crime in a community. By establishing different methods, studying, applying, and then analyzing them, officers are able to refine their activities in order to improve their performance. Also, many of these strategies address different types of issues that may arise in a community. For example, some methods are better for dealing with drunk driving, whereas others work well to prevent violent crimes. My method, titled Neighborhood Focus Policing, combines Community, Hot Spot, and Intelligence Led Policing in an effort to best target and reduce crime. In order to fully understand each policing strategy, it is helpful to identify the benefits and drawbacks to each individual method. For example, Community Policing is a strategy that focuses on foot patrol within a neighborhood in order to build personal relationships with individuals. The goal is to establish trust and work together towards reducing crime. Some goals of this strategy include the trust that is built between citizens and officers.
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