Different Styles And Strategies Of Policing

2288 Words Mar 5th, 2015 10 Pages
There are many different styles and strategies of policing. Some have been well established in history and others have been developed more recently. One factor each method has in common is the goal to improve law enforcement. Some of these styles include Community Policing, Predictive Policing, Hot Spot Policing, Intelligence Led Policing, Problem Oriented Policing, and many more. Each one has its own benefits and drawbacks that must be considered thoroughly in order to best target crime.
Community style policing is often described as a “philosophy” in which law enforcement and their officers work to build personal relationships with members of the community, according to The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. The goal is to reduce crime and the fear of crime by combining the efforts of both officers and the community. Predictive Policing has more of a focus on prevention rather than reaction. The broad goal of this method is to minimize crime and incidents by catching them before they happen instead of trying to repair damage that has already occurred. Hot Spot Policing is a style that uses data to identify high crime and high risk areas. Officers then use this information to better patrol the community in hopes of controlling crime.
Intelligence Led Policing (often called Compstat) is a method with a strong focus on research and data in order to better manage crime. This strategy tries to understand the risk factors each community faces and react…
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