Different Theories And Models Of Personality

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Over many years of research, the word personality is still hard to define. Many psychologists disagreed on how to define psychology and how to identify behaviors through personalities. As there are many theories and models of personality, this essay will discuss the five-factor model, and its wide application within a culture or a community. One of the most important goals of personality psychology is the establishment of a model that can describe a person 's personality and disorders that are associated with personality. Not only is the model suppose to be able to describe the human personality but it is suppose to help gain better insight and understanding of personality. Over time many models have come about from different Psychologist…show more content…
Those were psychometric evidence, heritability, it must make sense and social relevance (Feist & Feist, 2009). Over the next twenty five years, the work by Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa, transformed Eysenk 's Five Factor Model to the framework used today. It is widely accepted as a theory that could predict and explain a phenomenon. Both followed the factor analysis techniques to observe the stability and structure of personality focusing mainly on two dimensions, they were extroversion and neuroticism during which they found the third factor; openness to experiences. Later on, McCrae and Costa concluded the five factor personality inventory (NEO-PI) that consisted of an unpublished three-factor inventory by Eysenk. Agreeableness and Conscientiousness were not developed until the release of the NEO-PI (Feist & Feist, 2009). The big five framework used today was developed by Paul T. Costa and Robert R. Mcrae in 1992. It has become exceptionally useful and research has shown how commonly it is used when describing personality. The five factors used in the model are extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness and neuroticism. It is important to understand what each of these factors represent to gain a proper image of a person’s personality and how they represent their behaviors. Extroversion is seen as someone with a predominant concern for obtaining gratification from stimuli outside of the self. Extroverts tend to enjoy human
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