Different Theories From The Field Of Marriage And Family Therapy

2020 Words9 Pages
The clinical case scenario presented can be approached from a variety of different theories from the field of marriage and family therapy. While each approach carries with it specific techniques and strategies for invoking change, I would assert that no one approach is inherently better than the other. A common characteristic among all the theories is that there effectiveness depends highly on the depth of knowledge of the approach, skill in the application of the strategies for change, and creativity of the therapist. With this in mind, the following text will be a separate application of MRI Brief Therapy and Strategic Therapy to the provided clinical case scenario. In describing the techniques and strategies of MRI Brief Therapy,…show more content…
(Watzlawick, 1974) It is assumed that if this complaint is clearly defined and resolved, that it will have effects on other problem areas within the clients life, those that may not be readily brought to the attention of the therapist. With regard to the resolution of the problem, MRI Brief therapy outlines three ways in which the problem behavior or issue is maintained. It is hypothesized that if the individual would give up their solutions to the problem, it will resolve itself. The following have been outlined as problem maintaining behaviors: attempting to solve a problem that is non-existent, denying the existence of the problem, or solving a problem on the wrong level (first-order change vs. second-order change) (Watzlawick, 1974). First order change would be a change in how the problem “game” is played, for example, if individuals were playing with checkers pieces, but decided to use chess pieces instead while still using the rules of checkers. The pieces may have changed, but the overall rules remain the same. If these same individuals were to learn how to play chess, this would constitute a second-order change as the rules of the game have now changed. Consequently a second-order change can be described as a change of change. There are several techniques available to the MRI Brief therapist in reaching this change of change. These include prescribing the symptom, prescribing restraint, instructing the
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