Different Theories Of Cooperative Learning Approach

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Review of Literature This part is divided into four sections. The first section is about the definition of cooperative learning approach. This section includes, theories of cooperative learning and types of models describing cooperative learning. The second section is focused on differences between western educational systems and the Chinese educational system, as well as advantages and disadvantages for the cooperative learning approach in the Chinese classroom. The third section illustrates the Chinese education situation and current cooperative learning situation in China. The last section emphasizes research that was done previously about teachers’ and students’ perceptions towards the cooperative learning approach. Lastly, I will justify that the limitation of available information in regards to my topic lead me to do further research in this area. Theories of Cooperative learning There are several theories regarding cooperative learning. The earliest and the most well known theory about cooperative learning comes from Vygotsky’s cognitive development, and his zone of proximal development (ZPD) and how cooperative learning and zone of proximal development relate to each other. According to Vygotsky (1978)’s cognitive development theory, children engage in interaction with other children and adults from birth. Children first develop lower mental functions such
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